exemption from payment of electricity duty = The appellant no.1 had filed an application dated 15.03.2001 seeking exemption from payment of electricity duty under the notification dated 27.02.1992 issued under Section 3(3) of the Bombay Electricity Act, 1958 (hereinafter referred to as Act 1958). Another application dated 12.04.2001 was sent by appellant no.1 to the Commissioner of Electricity seeking exemption from electricity duty for a period of 15 years under Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i) of 1958 Act.= Another reason given by the High Court was that no application was made within 180 days of application of the notification dated 27.02.1992 or even from the date of installation of generating sets i.e. August 1995. Even if the second reason given by the High Court is ignored, non- fulfillment of condition no.(a) of notification dated 27.02.1992 clearly entailed rejection of claim under notification dated 27.02.1992. There is no foundation or basis laid down even in this appeal to assail the finding recorded by the High Court that generating set was not purchased from 01.01.1991 to 31.12.1992.

REPORTABLE
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4842 OF 2017
(ARISING OUT OF SLP(CIVIL) NO.34384 OF 2016)

ESSAR STEEL INDIA LTD.
AND ANR. … APPELLANT(S)
VERSUS

STATE OF GUJARAT AND ANR. … RESPONDENT(S)
J U D G M E N T

ASHOK BHUSHAN,J.
1. This appeal has been filed against the Division Bench judgment of
Gujarat High Court dated 07.09.2016 dismissing Letters Patent Appeal of the
appellants affirming the judgment of Learned Single Judge dated 25.02.2010.
Special Civil Application was filed by appellant challenging the order
dated 24.09.2099 passed by the State Government as well as the demand
notice dated 06.10.2009. Learned Single Judge dismissed the Writ Petition.

2. Brief facts of the case which are necessary to be noticed for deciding
this appeal are: –
The appellant no.1 is duly incorporated company under the provisions
of Companies Act, 1956 engaged in business of manufacturing and selling
steel products. The appellant no.2 is also a duly incorporated company
under the provisions of Companies Act, 1956, which is a generating company
selling/supplying electrical energy. The appellant no.1 company set up its
gas based steel plant at Hazira, in the year 1990 or thereabout for
production of HBI. It also set up a 20 MW Open Cycle Power Plant for
captive consumption of power for its HBI plant. On the application made by
the appellant no. 1 Company, the State Government granted exemption from
payment of electricity duty for a period of 10 years commencing from
21.07.1990 with respect to the said Open Cycle Power Plant. Subsequently,
the appellant no.1 Company converted the said Open Cycle Power Plant of 20
MW into 30 MW Combined Cycle Mode Power Plant by adding steam turbine.
Consequent upon such conversion, the appellant no.1 company was granted by
the State Government exemption from payment of electricity duty for a
period of 15 years commencing from 21.07.1990. In the year 1991, the
appellant no.1 company also desired to put up a composite plant after
making substantial investment for production of both HBI and HRC.
Therefore, in or about the year 1991-92, the appellant no.1 company thought
of setting up another Captive Power Plant of 300 MW of capacity in Combined
Cycle Mode at Hazira for meeting its requirement of more power. The
appellant thought of doing so, in view of the benefits available to the
Captive Power Plant at the relevant time. The Government of Gujarat and the
Gujarat Electricity Board granted in principle approval to the appellant
no.1 company for setting up the said Captive Power Plant of 300 MW. There
was, however, a change in the Power Policy of Government of India, in the
year 1991-92, which allowed the participation of private sector in power
generation. Government of Gujarat also, with a view to give effect to that
policy, issued a Notification dated 27.02.1992 under Section 3 of the
Bombay Electricity Duty Act, 1958(hereinafter referred to as 1958 Act). The
appellant no.1 Company, therefore, abandoned its plan to set up the said
Captive Power Plant of 300 MW in Combined Cycle Mode and in place and
instead thereof, promoted and incorporated a separate generating company
under the name and style of “ESSAR Power Limited”, the appellant no.2 is a
Special Purpose Vehicle promoted by the appellant no.1 company for supply
of power to the appellant no.1 company as well as to the Gujarat
Electricity Board.

3. The Government of Gujarat issued an Order dated 16.06.1995 agreeing
in principle to the demand of appellant no.2 to set up 510 MW generating
station at Hazira. The appellant no.2 started production of electricity
w.e.f. 08.08.1995. The appellant no.1 held equity shares of 42% of
appellant no.2 company. Out of 515 MW, 300 MW capacity has been allocated
to GEB (Gujarat Electricity Board) which constitute 58% of the installed
capacity, remaining capacity of 215 MW which constitute 42% to the ESSAR
Group of company as per the stipulation contained in the Power Purchase
Agreement dated 30.05.1996.

4. The appellant no.1 had filed an application dated 15.03.2001 seeking
exemption from payment of electricity duty under the notification dated
27.02.1992 issued under Section 3(3) of the Bombay Electricity Act, 1958
(hereinafter referred to as Act 1958). Another application dated 12.04.2001
was sent by appellant no.1 to the Commissioner of Electricity seeking
exemption from electricity duty for a period of 15 years under Section
3(2)(vii)(a)(i) of 1958 Act. The State of Gujarat Vide Order dated
23.12.2002 rejected the request for exemption under Section 3(2). The Order
dated 23.12.2002 was challenged in the High Court Wherein High Court vide
Order dated 17.03.2003 left open to the Government to take a fresh
decision. The State Government again by Order dated 23.01.2006 rejected the
application of appellant no.1 for grant of exemption for payment of
electricity duty for 215 MW power generation equivalent to 42% of the total
generation. The Writ Petition was again filed challenging the Order dated
23.01.2006 in which High Court set aside the Order dated 23.01.2006 and
directed the Government to pass a fresh Order. The State Government passed
the detailed Order dated 24.12.2009 rejecting the claim of appellant no.1
for exemption of payment of electricity duty both under Section
3(2)(vii)(a)(i) as well as under notification dated 27.02.1992. After
decision dated 24.09.2009 recovery notice dated 06.10.2009 was issued for
payment of electricity duty amounting to Rs.562/- Crores together with
interest totaling Rs.1038.27/- Crores for the period of April 2000 to
August 2009. The Order of State Government dated 24.09.2009 was challenged
by the appellants before the High Court by means of Special Civil
application no. 10946 of 2009. Learned Single Judge dismissed the Writ
Petition vide its judgment dated 25.02.2010 aggrieved against which Letters
Patent Appeal was filed by the appellants. In Letters Patent Appeal, an
interim order was granted on conditions:
The appellant shall pay a sum of Rs.50 Crores against the outstanding dues
of electricity by 30.04.2010 in two installments of Rs.20 Crores each.
The appellant no.1 shall further pay from 01.05.2010 a sum of Rs.15 Crores
every month against the outstanding dues of electricity.

5. The Letters Patent Appeal ultimately came to be dismissed by Division
Bench on 07.09.2016 against which judgment the present appeal has been
filed.

6. We have heard Shri Mihir Joshi, Senior Advocate for the appellants
and Shri C.A.Sundram, Senior Advocate appearing for the respondents.

7. Learned Counsel for the appellants contends that the issue is squarely
covered in its favour by a decision of this Court in A.P. Gas Power
Corporation Ltd. Versus AP State Regulatory Commission and another, (2004)
10 SCC 511, wherein it was held, inter alia, that the electricity generated
by a Special Purpose Vehicle and consumed by the participating member to
the extent of its equity contribution would amount to captive consumption
of electricity. The High Court in the impugned judgment, however,
distinguished the aforesaid judgment of this Court on the ground that in
that case the parties were governed by a Memorandum of Understanding
(“MoU”) which was not there in the present case and secondly, on the ground
that ESIL was purchasing 215 MW of power from EPL.

8. It is further submitted that rejection of the application on the
ground that same was not made in the prescribed form under Rule 11 of
Bombay Electricity Duty Rules, 1968 is erroneous and had the rejection
being only on the ground of non-filing the application at the first stage
same could have been done since the State had power to condone the delay.
Alternatively, the appellant was entitled for exemption under notification
dated 27.02.1992 by reason of the fact that ESIL was jointly generating
electricity with EPL and had also purchased the generating sets by making
payments of the purchase price to the vendors during the period prescribed.
It is further contended that in the similar circumstances the Government of
Gujarat had extended the benefit of exemption from payment of electricity
duty to GIPCL and therefore, ESIL who is similarly situated cannot be
deprived of benefits of exemption.

9. Learned Counsel appearing for the State refuting aforesaid submission
contends that Government as well as High Court has rightly rejected the
claim of exemption of duty. The appellant neither fulfills the statutory
requirements under Section 3(2) nor fulfill the conditions of the
notification dated 27.02.1992. ESSAR Power and ESSAR Steel are separate and
independent legal entities. ESSAR Steel is not generating energy. ESSAR
Steel is not generating either singly or jointly with either GEB or its
successor entity, Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limited or even with ESSAR
Power. ESSAR Power is not generating energy for its own use. ESSAR Power
Limited has established 515 MW power station, out of which 300 MW capacity
has been allocated to Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB). Thus 58% of the
installed capacity is allocated to GEB and in relation to such capacity;
ESSAR Power Limited generates and sells electricity as a generating station
and not as a captive Power Plant of GEB. The remaining capacity of 215 MW,
which constitutes 42%, is for ESSAR Group of Companies, as per the
stipulation contained in the Power Purchase Agreement dated 30.05.1996
entered into between ESSAR Power and GEB as well as the Power Purchase
Agreement dated 29.06.1996 entered into between ESSAR Power and ESSAR
Steel. The clauses in each of these agreements is clearly inconsistent with
ESSAR Power being treated as captive generation and use within the scope of
Section 3(2)(vii) of the 1958 Act. The appellant has rightly been
denied the benefit of exemption as claimed under the notification dated
27.02.1992. The condition of the notification dated 27.02.1992 specifically
states that the generating set or sets shall have to be purchased or
installed or commissioned during the period beginning from 01.01.1991 and
ending on 31.12.1992. This does not cover order placed for the purchase of
generating set. Since ESSAR Steel has merely placed the order for
generating set but neither purchased nor installed or generated within the
period specified in the aforesaid notification, it is not fulfilling this
condition and hence not entitled for benefits of the said notification. In
case of purchase, property in goods is transferred to the owner, here, in
given case, property in goods cannot be considered as transferred when same
is simply ordered.

10. Learned Counsel for the parties have placed reliance on various
judgments of this Court in support of their respective submission which
shall be referred to while considering the submissions in detail.

11. We have considered the submissions of Learned Counsel for the parties
and perused the records.

12. From the facts which have come on the record it is clear that
appellant no.1 had claimed exemption from duty under the provisions of
Section 3(2)(vii) as well as under the notification issued under Section
3(3) of 1958 Act for different period which exemption was earlier granted.
Details of benefit of exemption availed by appellant no.1 has been
extracted by Division Bench of High Court in Para 5.4 of the judgment. It
is useful to extract the table quoted in the judgment which is quoted below
to the following effect:

|Sr.|Date of |Prescrib|Applicable |Source of |Date of |Exemptio|
|No.|Applicat|ed Form |provision |electricity|Issue of|n period|
| |ion |No. for |for |supply |Certific| |
| |seeking |making |exemption | |ate of | |
| |exemptio|applicat|under GED | |Exemptio| |
| |n from |ion |Act, 1958 | |n | |
| |Duty | | | | | |
|(1)|(2) |(3) |(4) |(5) |(6) |(7) |
|1. |21.7.199|Form ‘E’|Sec. 3(2) |20 MW |1.9.1995|21.7.199|
| |0 | |(vii) (a) |+ 1380 KVA| |0 |
| | | |(ii) |+ 590 KVA | |to |
| | | | |+ 1500 KVA | |29.9.199|
| | | | |of | |9 |
| | | | |Self-genera| | |
| | | | |ting sets | | |
| | | | |of ESSAR | | |
| | | | |Steel | | |
|2. |30.7.199|Form ‘F’|Sec. 3(2) |GEB |28.1.199|19.12.19|
| |0 | |(vii) |connection |2 |91 to |
| | | |(b) |No HT 159 | |26.3.199|
| | | | | | |5 |
|3. |May, |Form ‘F’|Notification|GEB |6.9.1995|31.3.199|
| |1995 | |dt. |connection | |5 |
| | | |30.6.1993 |No HT 0159/| |to |
| | | |issued under|HT 10029 | |30.3.200|
| | | |Sec. 3(3) |+ 215 MW | |0 |
| | | | |from ESSAR| | |
| | | | |Power | | |
| | | | |(exclusivel| | |
| | | | |y for HRC | | |
| | | | |Project) | | |
|4. |30.1.199|Form E |Sec. 3(2) |20 MW |26.11.19|15.12.19|
| |6 | |(vii) (a) |(existing) |98 |95 |
| | | |(i) |+ 11 MW | |to |
| | | | |i.e. Co- | |29.9.200|
| | | | |generation | |4 |
| | | | |plant | | |
13. In the present case, no application in the prescribed form as per
Rule 11 of the Rules was filed by the appellant no.1 and for the first time
the appellant had come up with an application dated 15.03.2001 seeking an
exemption under notification dated 27.02.1992 and subsequently on
12.04.2001 has again claimed exemption under Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i) of
1958 Act. The exemption from payment of duty as claimed by the appellant is
in two parts. Firstly, under Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i) of 1958 Act and
secondly, under the notification dated 27.02.1992. We proceed to examine
both the claim separately.

Claim under Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i)

14. Section 3 of 1958 Act deals with “duty on units of energy consumed”.
Sub-Section 2 enumerates various circumstances under which duty shall not
be leviable on the units of energy consumed. Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i) and
3(3) is quoted below:

“3. Duty on units of energy consumed… … …

(2) Electricity duty shall not be leviable on the units of energy
consumed………

(vii) for motive power and lighting in respect of premises used by an
industrial undertaking for industrial purpose, until the expiry of the
following period, that is to say-
In the case of an industrial undertaking which generates energy either
singly or jointly with any other industrial undertaking for its own use or
as the case may be, for the use of industrial undertakings which are
jointly generating the energy.
Fifteen years from the date of commencement of the Bombay Electricity Duty
(Gujarat Amendment) Act, 1983(hereinafter in this sub-section and sub-
sections (2A) and (2AA) referred to as “the commencement date”) or the date
of starting the generation of such energy whichever is later in such
generation of energy is by back pressure turbine or if such generation of
energy is obtained by co-generation.

(3) The State Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, and subject to such terms and conditions as may be specified
therein, reduce the rate of duty or remit the duty in respect of-
……”
15. The keywords in the statutory scheme are “generates energy either
singly or jointly with any other industrial undertaking for its own use or
as the case may be, for the use of industrial undertaking which are jointly
generating the energy.” We have to look into the facts of the present case
to find out as to whether the statutory conditions enumerated above are
satisfied in the facts of the present case or not. The appellant no.1 is a
separate registered company which holds 42% equity shares of the appellant
no.2. The appellant no.2 has been constituted as a Special Purpose Vehicle
for generating electricity. The appellant no.2 is a generating company
within the meaning of Section 2(4A) of Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948. The
submission which has been pressed by the counsel for the appellant is that
both the appellant no.1 and appellant no.2 are generating energy jointly
for the use of industrial undertaking which are jointly generating the
energy.

16. As noted above, there is a Power Purchase Agreement dated 30.05.1996
and 01.06.1996 which contains various conditions for sale of electricity by
appellant no.2. The State Government in its order dated 24.09.2009 has
extracted the recitals in Power Purchase agreement dated 01.06.1996 which
are to the following effect: –
“…WHEREAS the Company is a Generating Company as defined under clause
4(A) of Section 2 of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948

AND WHEREAS the Company has substantially implemented a 515 MW combined
Cycle Generating Station at Hazira Dist. Surat, Gujarat of which it has
already commissioned 3 x 110 MW Gas Turbine Generating Set an aggregate
generating Capacity of 330 MW.

AND WHEREAS the Company is setting up the said Generating Station and has
been permitted as a special case to supply power to its sister concerns
viz. ESSAR Steel Ltd. and ESSAR Oil Ltd, hereinafter jointly and severally
referred to as ‘ESSAR Group Companies’.

AND WHEREAS ESTL which is engaged in the manufacture of Steel products at
Hazira, intends to purchase electrical output generated by the Generating
Station equivalent to 138 MW capacity in the Open Cycle mode and 215 MW
capacity in Combined Cycle mode operation (hereinafter collectively or
severally referred to as the ‘Allocated Capacity’) on the terms and
conditions set forth in this Agreement.

16. Article 3 of the PPA dated 01.06.1996 between ESSAR Power Limited and
ESSAR Steel Limited reads as under:
3.1 ALLOCATION OF CAPACITY
The allocation of capacity shall be as under:
During Open Cycle mode operation prior to commissioning of the Combined
Cycle mode operation the Company shall allocate:
138 MW to the ESTL; and
192 MW to GEB
During Combined Cycle mode
215 MW to the ESTL; and
300 MW to GEB
………. ………………”
17. Even assuming appellant no.1 and appellant no.2 are jointly
generating the energy for the use of industrial undertaking which are
jointly generating the energy, the Gujarat Electricity Board to whom 300 MW
has been allocated cannot be held to be industrial undertaking which is
jointly generating the energy with appellant. The Statutory scheme for
grant of exemption has to be strictly construed. The appellant no.2 is not
jointly generating energy with Gujarat Electricity Board and it is selling
the energy to the extent of 300 MW to Gujarat Electricity Board. The
conditions of the statutory provisions of Section 3(2)(vii)(a) are not
fulfilled. The High Court has further held that both ESL and EPL being
distinct separate legal entities merely because ESL might have 42% shares
holding in EPL, it cannot be said that ESL is generating electricity
jointly with EPL and EPL is generating electricity jointly with ESL for use
of electricity by ESL.

18. The statutory conditions for grant of exemption as contained in
Section 3(2)(vii)(a) can neither be tinkered with nor diluted. Learned
Counsel for the appellant contends that the State Government had granted
permission to the ESSAR Power
Plant to set up a generating station as a special case and to supply power
generated by it to its sister concerned i.e. ESSAR Steel and ESSAR Oil as a
special case. The letter of the State Government dated 05.06.1995 further
stated that if there is any excess power generated by EPL, the same may be
purchased by the Board at the price decided by the Board. It is useful to
extract the letter of permission dated 05.06.1995 issued by the State
Government which was to the following effect:-

“The Govt. has considered all the aspect on the above matter and after
careful consideration, has decided to agree in principle to the demand of
ESSAR Power Limited to set up a generating station as a special case, and
to supply power generated by it to its sister concern, i.e. ESSAR Gujarat,
ESSAR Steels and ESSAR Oil again as a special case only subject to
fulfillment of requirements of legal provisions as laid down under Section
15-A and 18-A of the Electricity Supply Act and with the express condition
that the power generated through this subject shall never as sold outside
the State or to any other person except as mentioned above. Moreover, in
case, the power generated by EPL is to be wheeled, GEB shall decide the
wheeling rate according to the sound commercial principles. In addition to
this, if there is any excess power generated by EPL, the each may be
purchased by the Board, at a price decided by the Board subject to the
norms laid down by GoI from to time.
It is, therefore, requested that GEB may take further necessary
action in the matter.”
19. We have noticed above that Power Purchase Agreement allocated the
energy to the Gujarat Electricity Board to the extent of 58% and 42% power
supply was to be given to sisters concern i.e. ESSAR Gujarat, ESSAR Steel
and ESSAR Oil as a special case. It is well settled that taxing statute are
to be strictly construed specifically the exemption notification. It has
been held that the statutory provisions providing for exemption has to be
interpreted in the light of words employed in it and there cannot be any
addition or substraction from the statutory provision. This Court in
Commissioner of Central Excise, Surat-I versus Favourite Industries, 2012
(7) SCC 153, while considering exemption notification issued under Central
Excise Tariff Act, 1985 laid down following in paragraph 35 to 40:-
“35. The notification requires to be interpreted in the light of the words
employed by it and not on any other basis. There cannot be any addition or
subtraction from the notification for the reason the exemption notification
requires to be strictly construed by the courts. The wordings of the
exemption notification have to be given its natural meaning, when the
wordings are simple, clear and unambiguous.

36. In Commr. of Customs v. Rupa & Co. Ltd., this Court has observed that
the exemption notification has to be given strict interpretation by giving
effect to the clear and unambiguous wordings used in the notification. This
Court has held thus: (SCC pp. 413-14, para 7)

“7. … However, if the interpretation given by the Board and the Ministry is
clearly erroneous then this Court cannot endorse that view. An exemption
notification has to be construed strictly but that does not mean that the
object and purpose of the notification is to be lost sight of and the
wording used therein ignored. Where the wording of the notification is
clear and unambiguous, it has to be given effect to. Exemption cannot be
denied by giving a construction not justified by the wording of the
notification.”
(emphasis supplied)

37. In CCE v. Rukmani Pakkwell Traders, this Court has also held: (SCC p.
804, para 5)

“5. … It is settled law that exemption notifications have to be strictly
construed. They must be interpreted on their own wording. Wordings of some
other notification are of no benefit in construing a particular
notification.”
(emphasis supplied)

38. In Kohinoor Elastics (P) Ltd. v. CCE this Court has held: (SCC p. 533,
para 7)
“7. … When the wordings of the notifications are clear and unambiguous they
must be given effect to. By a strained reasoning benefit cannot be given
when it is clearly not available.”
(emphasis supplied)

39. In Compack (P) Ltd. v. CCE, this Court has observed thus: (SCC p. 306,
para 20)
“20. Bhalla Enterprises laid down a proposition that notification has to be
construed on the basis of the language used. Rukmani Pakkwell Traders16 is
an authority for the same proposition as also that the wordings of some
other notification are of no benefit in construing a particular
notification. The notification does not state that exemption cannot be
granted in a case where all the inputs for manufacture of containers would
be base paper or paperboard. In manufacture of the containers some other
inputs are likely to be used for which MODVAT credit facility has been
availed of. Such a construction, as has been suggested by the learned
counsel for the respondents, would amount to addition of the words ‘only
out of’ or ‘purely out of’ the base paper and cannot be countenanced. The
notification has to be construed in terms of the language used therein. It
is well settled that unless literal meaning given to a document leads to
anomaly or absurdity, the golden rule of literal interpretation shall be
adhered to.”
(emphasis supplied)

40. In CCE v. Mahaan Dairies, this Court has held: (SCC p. 800, para 8)
“8. It is settled law that in order to claim benefit of a notification, a
party must strictly comply with the terms of the notification. If on
wording of the notification the benefit is not available then by stretching
the words of the notification or by adding words to the notification
benefit cannot be conferred. The Tribunal has based its decision on a
decision delivered by it in Rukmani Pakkwell Traders v. CCE. We have
already overruled the decision in that case. In this case also we hold that
the decision of the Tribunal is unsustainable. It is accordingly set
aside.”
(emphasis supplied)”
20. The statutory provisions of Section 3(2)vii(a) thus have to be
strictly construed and in event the condition of generating energy jointly
with any other industrial undertaking is not fulfilled, the claim has to be
rejected.

21. Learned Counsel for the appellant submits appellant is claiming
exemption from excise duty only to the extent of its shareholdings i.e.
42%. The object for grant of exemption to the industrial undertaking which
generates energy either singly or jointly is for the use of industrial
undertaking which are jointly generating the energy. When in the present
case, 58% of the energy generated has been allocated to Gujarat Electricity
Board with whom appellant No. 2 is not jointly generating the energy, the
Statutory provisions has to be strictly construed and when energy being
generated is used by industrial undertaking which is not jointly generating
the energy the claim is not covered under Section 3(2)(vii)(a).
22. Learned Counsel for the appellant has also referred to the judgment
of this Court in State of U.P. and Ors. versus Renusagar Power Company &
Ors., 1988(4) SCC 59. In the above case, M/s Renusagar Company had obtained
a sanction to engage in the business of supply of electricity to M/s
Hindustan Aluminium Corporation Ltd. In the above case, this Court took the
view that corporate Veil should be lifted and Hindalco and Renusagar may be
treated as one concern and the Renusagar Powers Plant must be treated as
the owned source of generation of Hindalco. Following was held in paragraph
67:-
“67. In the aforesaid view of the matter we are of the opinion that the
corporate veil should be lifted and Hindalco and Renusagar be treated as
one concern and Renusagar’s power plant must be treated as the own source
of generation of Hindalco and should be liable to duty on that basis. In
the premises the consumption of such energy by Hindalco will fall under
Section 3(1)(c) of the Act. The learned Additional Advocate-General for the
State relied on several decisions, some of which have been noted.”
23. In the present case, there is no dispute to the fact that appellant
No.2 was created as a Special Purpose Vehicle by appellant No.1 itself. Had
appellant No.2 would have been supplying energy to appellant No.1 only, the
claim deserved consideration. But present is a case where the appellant
no.2 is supplying energy to industrial undertakings with whom it is not
jointly generating the energy. Judgment of this Court in State of U.P. and
Renusagar Company, thus, has no application in the facts of present case.

24. Learned Counsel for the appellant has placed reliance on judgment of
this Court in A.P. Gas Power Corporation Ltd. Versus A.P. State Regulatory
Commission & Another, 2004 (10) SCC 511. In the above case, the State
Government of Andhra Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh Electricity Board had
mooted the idea of setting up of 3 X 33 MW gas-based Combined Cycle Power
Station for establishing a generating station. It was decided to invite
private participation in the venture. A Memorandum of Understanding dated
17.10.1988 and on 19.04.1997 was entered according to which Andhra Pradesh
State Electricity Board had to have 26% shares in the new company to come
up as A.P.GPCL and rest of the participating industries were to have
different percentage of shares and the power so generated by company was to
share proportionately among the shareholding participating companies and
their sister concerns. The question which fell for consideration before
this Court was as to whether A.P.GPCL was required to take a license under
the law for utilization/sale and supply of power generated by the
participating industries, their sister concerns and the companies to whom
shares of APGPCL were transferred by the participating industries.

25. This Court after noticing the contents of various clauses of
Memorandum of Understanding and the provisions of Indian Electricity Act,
1910 and Andhra Pradesh Electricity Reform Act, 1998, laid down following
in paragraph 36 and 37:
“36. From the perusal of para 4 of the Memorandum of Understanding it is
clear that a participating industry has been given a right to transfer its
share of energy and power to its sister concern. The term “sister concern”
has been explained as “a concern under the same group.” There is no further
clarification or clue as to which are those concerns which may be
considered under the same group. The expression “sister concern” used in
para 4 of the Memorandum of Understanding certainly does not mean a concern
which is owned or is a subsidiary of the participating industry. It would
be a concern or unit different from the participating industry and not a
part of it. Maybe,that the same group may manage two different independent
units carrying on the same nature of activities. They may be addressed as
sister concerns but would definitely have separate entity and identity of
their own. Consumption of power, generated by a generating company, by a
concern which may be under the same group as any of the participating
industry cannot be said to be consumption or use of the power by the
participating industry itself. In absence of the element of self-
consumption by the generating company, it would not fall in the category of
“captive consumption”. It would surely be a supply to a non-participating
industry and in that event it would be necessary to have a licence under
the relevant provisions of law. If there is such a legal requirement,
merely an agreement amongst certain parties would not exclude the
application of law. Provisions of law regulating the situation would
prevail over any kind of agreement amongst some individuals as a group or
otherwise. We are, therefore, of the view that such a clause in the
Memorandum of Understanding would not do away with the requirement of
having a licence for supply of electricity generated by A.P.GPCL to such
concerns which may be under the same group as the participating industries
but not the participating industries themselves.

37. To support the view taken by us, a decision of this Court referred to
by the respondents may be cited as in State of U.P. Vs. Renusagar Power Co.
This case, however, was decided in a slightly different fact situation. M/s
Hindustan Aluminium Corporation Ltd. was established in 1959 on assurance
of providing cheap electricity to it. In the year 1964, however, M/s
Renusagar Power Co. Ltd. was established as a wholly owned and subsidiary
of M/s Hindustan Aluminium Corporation Ltd. It was generating electricity,
but incorporated separately and had its own separate Memorandum of
Understanding and Articles of Association. To raise the revenue for the
State, the U.P. Electricity (Duty) Act, 1952 was enforced to levy a duty on
the consumption of electricity. Several amendments were, however,
incorporated from time to time and ultimately a provision was inserted
providing that there would be levied and paid to the State Government a
duty called electricity duty on the energy sold to a consumer by a
licensee/Board/the Central Government. The duty on consumption of
electricity was leviable even though it may be from his own source of
generation. Renusagar Power Co. Ltd. had also obtained a licence under
Section 28 of the Act of 1910. In such circumstances, it was held that even
though Renusagar Power Co. Ltd. was a subsidiary company owned by M/s
Hindustan Aluminium Co. Ltd., yet it would amount to supply of electricity
by a licensee to a consumer in view of the provisions of the U.P. Act of
1952 which levied duty on consumption of electricity. The situation in the
case in hand is similar only to the extent that the participating
industries and the sister concerns are different entities and separately
incorporated. Distinction may be there in view of the statutory provisions
intervening under the U.P. Act of 1952 but that is not material for this
case.”
26. Ultimately, the appeal was partly allowed and judgment of the High
Court was modified vide paragraph 57 of the judgment which is to the
following effect: –

“57. We, therefore, hold that no licence is necessary for utilization of
energy generated by A.P.GPCL and utilized by the participating industries
and the concerns holding shares of A.P.GPCL transferred to them by the
participating industries to the extent of value of the shares so
transferred. It would, however, be necessary to have a licence for supply
of energy to the sister concerns. In the result, the appeals are partly
allowed and the judgment and order passed by the High Court stands modified
in the manner indicated above. Parties to bear their own costs.”
27. The judgment of Andhra Pradesh Gas Power Corporation Limited is
clearly distinguishable and does not help the appellant in present case. In
the aforesaid case the energy was utilized by the participating industries
and the concerned holding shares of A.P.GPCL but supply of energy to the
sister concerned was required to have license. Present is a case where
Gujarat Electricity Board who has been allocated 300 MW is not a
participating industry nor appellant no.2 is jointly generating the energy
with Gujarat Electricity Board, even if it is held that the appellant no.1
to the extent it holds 42% equity shares of appellant no.2 is jointly
generating the energy. The Gujarat Electricity Board which has been
allocated 58% of electricity generated can not be said as the industrial
undertaking jointly generating the energy.

28. The judgment of this Court in Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd. Versus
ESSAR Power Limited, 2016(9) SCC 103, has also been referred to. The above
case was a case where parties to the present appeal were at issue and
appeal was filed by Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam, successor of Gujarat
Electricity Board under Section 125 of the Electricity Act against the
Order of Appellate Tribunal of electricity. The appellant had filed the
petition before the Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission for
adjudication of the dispute arising out of Power Purchase agreement. The
appellant had sought compensation for wrongful allocation of electricity by
EPL to the sister concerned i.e. ESSAR Steel Limited in preference to the
appellant. The Commission had occasion to examine various clauses of Power
Purchase Agreement dated 30.05.1996 between the parties. This Court
rejected the contention of the EPL that it could sell power to ESL beyond
its allocated capacity. In the paragraph 22 of the judgment following was
held: –

“22. The agreement clearly contemplates the proportion of allocation of a
capacity. EPL has to fuel and operate the generating station to meet the
requirement of electric output that can be generated corresponding to the
allocated capacity. The appellant has to pay annual fixed cost as
determined in terms of Clause 7.1.1 of Schedule VII of the agreement. The
Commission is thus, right in observing that once the entire capacity has
been allocated in two parts in a particular proportion, the contention of
EPL that it could sell power to ESL beyond the allocated capacity could not
be accepted. EPL was under obligation as per Schedule VI to declare weekly
schedule of the capacity available and the dispatch instructions were to be
issued on the basis of the said declaration. It could not thus be said that
EPL had no obligation to declare the capacity and the obligation of GUVNL
to issue dispatch instructions was not dependent on declaration of the
available capacity by EPL. Contrary view of the Tribunal is clearly
erroneous. In para 45 and 46 and elsewhere in its judgment, the Tribunal
erred in holding that there was no obligation to declare available capacity
on proportionate basis. The finding of the Commission in paras 9.5 to 9.12
of its order quoted above is the correct interpretation of the agreement.
We hold accordingly.”

29. In the above case the question of exemption in excise duty within
meaning of Section 3(2) of 1958 Act had not arisen nor the question was
considered whether EPL can be held to be generating energy jointly with
appellant no.1 and Gujarat Electricity Board. For the issues which have
arisen in the present case, the above judgment does not render any help.

30. Learned Counsel for the appellant has submitted that the High Court
had rejected the claim of payment only on the ground that there is no such
Memorandum of Understanding between EPL and ECL as was found in A.P. Gas
Power Limited (Supra). The High Court although has noted the fact that in
the present case there is no such Memorandum of Understanding between EPL
and ECL but the judgment of the High Court is not based only on the above
premise rather High Court has clearly found that conditions stipulating
under Section 3(2)(vii)(a)(i) of 1958 Act are not satisfied, hence,
appellant no.1 is not entitled for exemption. High Court has elaborately
considered all the submission raised by the appellant and rightly came to
the conclusion that conditions as enumerated in Section 3(2)(vii)(a) are
not fulfilled. We do not find any error in the aforesaid finding of the
High Court.

Claim under notification dated 27.02.1992

31. The notification dated 27.02.1992 was issued in exercise of power
conferred by Section 3(3) of Bombay Electricity Act, 1958. The relevant
part of the notification dated 27.02.1992, is as follows: –

“NOTIFICATION
Sachivalaya Gandhinagar
27th February, 1992

BOMBAY ELECTRICITY DUTY ACT, 1958

No. GHC/92/10/JCP/1188/2594/K

In exercise of the powers conferred by Sub Section (3) of the Section 3 of
the Bombay Electricity Duty Act,1958(Bom. XL of 1958), the Government of
Gujarat hereby remitted with effect on and from the date of publication of
this notification in the Official Gazette. In the whole of the State of
Gujarat, the Electricity Duty payable under item (6) of Part I of Schedule
II to the said Act, on the energy consumed for motive power and lighting
for Industrial purposes by industrial under takings which generate energy
jointly for their own use either by establishing an independent joint
company solely for this purpose or on pro-rata cost sharing basis, for a
period of ten years from the date of commissioning of the generating sets
subject to the following terms and conditions namely:-

The generating set or sets shall have been purchased and installed or
commissioned during the period beginning from 1st January, 1991 and ending
on 31st December, 1992. Providing that such generating act or sets shall
not have been previously used in the State.

****** ******”
32. The claim raised by the appellant under the above said notification
was specifically dealt by the High Court and the Government. The condition
which was found lacking for applicability of the notification was that
generating sets were not purchased or installed or commissioned during the
period from 01.01.1991 to 31.12.1992. The High Court has recorded
categorical finding that the generating sets have been commissioned in the
month of August 1995. It is useful to refer to paragraph 12.0 of the
judgment of Division Bench which is to the following effect: –
“12.0. Now, so far as the alternative claim of the appellants to grant
the exemption for a period of 10 years under the Notification dated
27.02.1992 is concerned, on considering Notification dated 27.02.1992, it
appears that the conditions precedent laid down in the said notification
cannot be said to have been compiled by the appellants more particularly
appellant No.1 – ESL. For claiming the benefit of notification dated
27.02.1992 it is to be established that the generating set or sets have
been purchased/installed or commissioned during the period beginning from
01.01.1991 and ending on 31.12.1992. From the record it appears that the
generating sets have been commissioned in the month of August 1995, the
appellants have failed to establish that the generating sets were even
purchased during the aforesaid period. It cannot be disputed that in a
taxing statute more particularly with respect to the exemption from payment
of duty, all the conditions which can be said to be statutory are required
to be fulfilled and unless and until all the conditions stipulated in the
exemption notification are satisfied and/or compiled with, there shall not
be any exemption under the notification. In the present case, admittedly,
the generating sets in question have been commissioned in the month of
August 1995. The appellants have failed to establish that they even
purchased the generating sets during the period beginning from 01.01.1991
to 31.12.1992. More placement of order for purchase cannot amount to actual
purchase of the generating sets.”
33. Another reason given by the High Court was that no application was
made within 180 days of application of the notification dated 27.02.1992 or
even from the date of installation of generating sets i.e. August 1995.
Even if the second reason given by the High Court is ignored, non-
fulfillment of condition no.(a) of notification dated 27.02.1992 clearly
entailed rejection of claim under notification dated 27.02.1992. There is
no foundation or basis laid down even in this appeal to assail the finding
recorded by the High Court that generating set was not purchased from
01.01.1991 to 31.12.1992.

34. We thus do not find any error in rejection of claim of appellant
under the notification dated 27.02.1992.

35. The High Court has rightly negatived the claim of the appellant under
Section 3(2) as well as under the notification dated 27.02.1992 issued
under Section 3(3). We do not find any merit in this appeal, the appeal is
accordingly dismissed.
………………….J.
(A. K. SIKRI)
………………….J.
(ASHOK BHUSHAN)

NEW DELHI,
MAY 02, 2017