IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURSIDICTION
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 888 OF 2017
(Arising out of S.L.P. (Crl.) No. 6630 of 2016)
Bibi Parwana Khatoon @
Parwana Khatoon and another … Appellants
State of Bihar …Respondent
J U D G M E N T
Prafulla C. Pant, J.
2. The appellants, who are sister-in-law and brother-in-law of the
deceased, have challenged the judgment and order dated 09.12.2016 passed by
the High Court of Judicature at Patna in Criminal Appeal (SJ) No. 48 of
2014 whereby said Court has dismissed the criminal appeal affirming their
conviction and sentence under Section 304B read with Section 34 of Indian
Penal Code (IPC) recorded by the Ad hoc Additional District Judge, Purnea
in Sessions Trial No. 1219 of 2010 (with Sessions Trial No. 617 of 2011).
3. Prosecution story, in brief, is that Tamkinat Ara @ Bulbul got
married to Md. Parwez Alam on 30.09.2009 and she used to live in her in-
laws’ house. The prosecution case is that after her marriage deceased used
to live with Md. Parwez Alam (husband), Abdul Gaffar (father-in-law),
Baitun Nisha (mother-in-law), Bibi Parwana Khatoon (sister of husband) and
her husband Md. Hasan (both appellants). It is alleged by the informant
Md. Faisal PW-5 (brother of the deceased) that the deceased was killed by
setting her on fire by all the above accused. On receiving telephonic
information on 30.05.2010 from father-in-law of the deceased, PW-5 Md.
Faisal went to see his sister and found that she had died of burn injuries.
On the basis of First Information Report given by Md. Faisal Crime Case
No. 184 of 2010 was registered relating to offence punishable under Section
304B read with Section 34 IPC against all the five accused at Police
Station Khajanchi Hat, Madhubani. PW-7 Arti Kumari Jaiswal, Station House
Officer, started investigation. Dead body of the deceased was sealed and
sent for post mortem examination. PW-6 Dr. Umesh Kumar of Sadar Hospital,
Purnea, conducted post mortem examination on the dead body of Tamkinat Ara
and found following ante mortem injuries: –
“(i) Rigor mortis present in all four limbs and trunk
(ii) Tongue was protruded between teeth
(iii) Burned (burnt) blood clot from/in ear opening
(iv) 100% burn of five degree with smell. Key oil and roasted smell, line
of redness along burn area absent, vesication and sign of inflammation was
absent, formation of granulation tissue absent, indicating post mortem
The Medical Officer opined that the deceased died of asphyxia due to
4. Later, investigation was taken over by PW-8 Lal Babu Prasad who
submitted charge sheet against all the five accused. Accused Baitun Nisha
(mother-in-law of the deceased) died during the course of trial, as such,
case as against her stood abated and the trial court proceeded against
remaining four accused.
5. After framing charge against the accused, the trial court recorded
the evidence of PW-1 Syed Masuf Ahmad, PW-2 Md. Azam Rad, PW-3 Samim
Akhtar, PW-4 Taleba Kauser (brother of the deceased), PW-5 Md. Faisal
(brother of the deceased and informant), PW-6 Dr. Umesh Kumar (who
conducted post mortem examination), PW-7 Arti Kumari Jaiswal (who started
investigation) and PW-8 Lal Babu Prasad (who concluded the investigation).
6. The prosecution evidence appears to have been put to the accused
under Section 313 of Criminal Procedure Code whereafter, on behalf of the
accused, defence evidence was adduced, and DW-1 Md. Mozammil Hussain, DW-2
Md. Shamim, DW-3 Manish Kumar Srivastava, DW-4 Raghunandan Yadav, DW-5
Rahul Kumar, DW-6 Mukesh Kumar, DW-7 Nakir Yadav, DW-8 Dhani Yadav, DW-9
Md. Jasir and DW-10 Sanni Yadav, were got examined.
7. The trial court, after hearing the parties, found all the four
accused guilty of offence punishable under Section 304B read with Section
34 IPC, and convicted them accordingly. Md. Parwez Alam (husband of the
deceased) was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for ten years, and each
one of the remaining three convicts was sentenced to seven years rigorous
8. Aggrieved by the judgment and order dated 19.11.2013/ 26.11.2013,
passed by the trial court in Sessions Trial No. 1219 of 2010 (with Sessions
Trial No. 617 of 2011), whereby the accused were convicted and sentenced,
as above, three appeals were filed before the High Court. Criminal Appeal
(SJ) No. 59 of 2014 was filed by Md. Parwez Alam (husband of the deceased),
Criminal Appeal (SJ) No. 20 of 2014 was filed by Abdul Gaffar (father-in-
law of the deceased) and Criminal Appeal (SJ) No. 48 of 2014 was filed by
present appellants Bibi Parwana Khatoon and Md. Hasan. The High Court,
after hearing the parties, allowed the appeal of father-in-law of the
deceased but maintained the conviction and sentence recorded against other
three. Hence, this appeal through special leave by sister-in-law Parwana
Khatoon and brother-in-law Md. Hasan.
9. Our attention is drawn on behalf of the appellants to the testimony
of the defence witnesses relating to the fact that they were not residing
in Kali Prasad Tola, and it is argued that the courts below have failed to
appreciate the same. It is also pointed out that there is no special role
assigned to the appellants in the First Information Report.
10. DW-1 Md. Mozammil Hussain, cousin of husband of the deceased, has
stated that Parwana Khatoon and Md. Hasan used to live in village Sabutar,
and on the day of the incident they were not in village Kali Prasad Tola,
Madhubani, i.e. the place where the deceased and her husband used to live.
DW-4 Raghunandan Yadav, who is resident of Kali Prasad Tola, has also
stated that the present appellants used to live in village Sabutar
(Purnea). This witness belongs to village Sabutar. DW-7 Nakir Yadav also
corroborated the fact that Parwana and her husband Hasan used to live in
Sabutar. This fact is further corroborated by DW-8 Dhani Yadav, DW-9 Md.
Jasir and DW-10 Sanni Yadav, all neighbours of the deceased and her
11. We have gone through the judgment and order passed by the trial court
(copy Annexure P-9) in which the trial court has mentioned the name of
defence witnesses but not discussed as to why their testimony as to the
fact that married sister-in-law (of the deceased) and her husband used to
live in village Sabutar, is not believed. The High Court has also
committed the same error.
12. Apart from the above, in support of their plea, there are three
documents filed on behalf of the appellants, which are copies of public
documents, to show that they are residents of village Sabutar in District
Purnea. Copy of the Residence Certificate is Annexure A-1, which shows
that Sub Divisional Officer, Sadar, Purnea, has certified on 31.10.2008
that Hasan Raja (appellant No. 2) used to live in village Sabutar, P.S. K.
Nagar, District Purnea. Another document (Annexure A-2) is copy of PAN
issued by Income-tax Department of Government of India, which appears to
have been sent on the address of the account holder Parwana Khatoon
(appellant No. 1) on her address of Sabutar, Purnea, Pin Code 854205. Not
only this, copy of service book (Annexure A-3) of appellant No. 1 Parwana
Khatoon shows that she was Panchayat teacher in primary school, K. Nagar
(Purnea). This document also shows that address of appellant No. 1 is
village Sabutar, P.O. Kajha, Police Station K. Nagar, District Purnea. All
these public documents read with the oral testimony adduced before the
trial court, create serious doubt in the prosecution story, so far it
relates as against the present appellants. (We are not commenting on the
evidence as against the husband of the deceased.)
13. In view of the above discussion of oral and documentary evidence, we
find that both the courts below have erred in law in holding that the
charge under Section 304B read with Section 34 IPC stood proved as against
the present appellants. In our opinion, in view of the evidence discussed
above, it cannot be said that it is proved beyond reasonable doubt that the
present appellants, who are sister-in-law and brother-in-law of the
deceased, tortured the victim for any demand of dowry. In our opinion, in
the present case which is based on circumstantial evidence it cannot be
said that appellants had any common intention with the husband of the
deceased in commission of the crime. It is sufficiently shown on the record
that they used to live in a different village. Therefore, we are inclined
to allow the present appeal.
14. Accordingly, this appeal is allowed, and conviction and sentence
recorded as against the present appellants Bibi Parwana Khatoon @ Parwana
Khatoon and Md. Hasan @ Hasan Raja is set aside. They are acquitted of
charge of offence punishable under Section 304B read with Section 34 IPC.
They are in jail. They shall be released forthwith if not required in
connection with any other crime.
[Prafulla C. Pant]
May 04, 2017.