The order granting anticipatory bail/bail to the millers was challenged by the State/Corporation in matters which came up before this Court on 28.02.2017. While declining to cancel such orders granting anticipatory bails/bail, this Court deemed it proper to impose certain additional conditions. The first condition was that, in all FIRs the concerned accused would ensure that bank guarantee was furnished and kept alive, failing which, the benefit of anticipatory bails/bail would stand cancelled. The reference to “Bank Guarantee” in said condition No.1 was to the obligation arising from the agreement entered into with each of the accused. In the circumstances we direct:- a) The expression “Bank Guarantee” used in condition No.1 as stipulated in order dated 28.02.2017 passed by this Court pertains to bank guarantee which the concerned miller was obliged, in terms of the agreement in question to furnish. The obligation to furnish the bank guarantee and to keep it alive is referable to the terms of the agreement and not to the “defalcated sum” as was submitted by the Corporation. b) If on account of failure to submit and to keep it alive in respect of the “defalcated sum”, any benefit of bail/anticipatory bail was withdrawn and orders of non-bailable warrants were issued, such orders stand cancelled and recalled. However the concerned millers ought to have furnished and kept alive bank guarantees as contemplated in terms of the agreement. If there be any failure on this count the cancellation of bail/anticipatory bail was perfectly justified. c) The order dated 28.02.2017 passed by this Court would apply to every single case, irrespective whether the concerned miller was a party to the proceedings before this Court or not. d) If any miller, in terms of the order dated 28.02.2017, had not furnished bank guarantee or had not kept it alive in terms of his obligations under the agreement, the facility of bail/anticipatory bail would not be 20 available to him. The orders cancelling such facility stand confirmed and the challenge in that behalf is negated. All such millers shall be immediately taken in custody by the concerned Police. e) We permit the Corporation to secure its interest either by invoking the bank guarantees wherever furnished and or by putting to auction the unencumbered immovable property pledged by the millers with it, after due process of law.

1

NON -REPORTABLE

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 998 OF 2018 @

(SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (CRL.) NO.9196 OF 2017)

Arvind Tiwary ……Appellant

Versus

State of Bihar and Another ..….Respondents

With

Criminal Appeal No.996 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9029 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.997 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9043 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.999 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9246 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1026 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9334 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1019 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9312 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1020 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 9409 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1021 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9405 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1022 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9406 of 2017)

2

Criminal Appeal No.1000 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9904 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1001 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9664 of 2017)

Criminal Appeal No.1002 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1283 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1003 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1238 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1004 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1192 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1023 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1252 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1024 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1286 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1025 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1239 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1005 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1327 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1006 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.1568 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1007 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.2966 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1008 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3107 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1009 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3087 of 2018)

3

Criminal Appeal No.1010 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3064 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1011 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3041 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1012 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3238 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1013 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.3814 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1014 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.4116 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1015 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.5128 of 2018)

Criminal Appeal No. 1017 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.)No.6707 of 2018 (D.No.25551/2018)

Criminal Appeal No.1016 of 2018 @

(Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.5870 of 2018)

JUDGMENT

Uday Umesh Lalit, J.

Leave granted in all the matters.

2. Since similar questions arise in all these matters, they are being

disposed of by this common Judgment. The matters can be broadly classified

in three categories. We have taken Criminal Appeal arising from Special

Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9196 of 2017, Criminal Appeal arising from Special

4

Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9029 of 2017 and Criminal Appeal arising from

Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No.9409 of 2017 to be the lead matters

representing each of those three categories. The facts leading to the filing of

said appeals are set out in detail hereunder:-

A. Criminal Appeal @ SLP(Crl) No.9196 of 2017

3. Under an agreement dated 29.03.2014 entered into between the

appellant and Bihar State Food and Civil Supplies Corporation Ltd.

(hereinafter referred to as “the Corporation”) the appellant undertook to mill

paddy procured from District Office of the Corporation as per terms and

conditions mentioned in the agreement. Clause 2 of the agreement was as

under:

“That the Second Party with a monthly milling capacity

of 400 MT of paddy shall furnish a bank guarantee equivalent

to the value of paddy issued to him by the First Party for

milling in the current procurement season and in case, he is

issued an additional quantity of paddy for milling he shall to

furnish an additional bank guarantee equivalent to the value of

the amount of the additional paddy issued to him by the First

Party. In case he is not capable of furnishing the above

mentioned bank guarantee(s), he shall pledge unencumbered

immovable property belonging to him in the name of District

Manager, Kaimur of the same amount or more, as certified by

the competent authority Circle Officer/Sub-Divisional Officer.

In the prescribed manner, for the entire value of paddy as per

his milling capacity. However it will be mandatory for the

5

Second Party to provide a minimum bank guarantee as per the

milling capacity enumerated in the table below:

Sl.No. Milling Capacity Minimum

Manadtory Bank

Guarantee

1 UP to 2 MT per hour Rs.5 lakh

2 More than 2 MT and upto 5 MT

per hour

Rs.10 lakh

3 More than 5 MT per hour

The said bank guarantee of Rs. Five Lakh Rupees

(amount in words) issued in favour of the District Manager,

Bihar State Food & Civil Supplies Corporation Ltd., Kaimur

vide Serial No. at BG No.2696IG-002214 issued by P.N.B.

Bank Akerhi Branch Mohania, Kaimur District has been

submitted by the Second Party.”

4. The appellant had thus undertaken to furnish bank guarantee

equivalent to the value of paddy issued to him. As per the concerned clause,

in case the appellant was unable to furnish such bank guarantee, he could

pledge unencumbered immovable property belonging to him in favour of the

Corporation for the equivalent sum. In addition it was mandatory for the

appellant to provide a minimum bank guarantee as per the milling capacity.

Accordingly a bank guarantee on that count in the sum of Rupees Five

Lakhs was furnished.

5. The procurement season in terms of the aforesaid agreement was

2013-14. However, it is the case of the Corporation that though the

6

appellant was supplied 6000 quintals of paddy, he failed to return 3212.70

quintals of rice amounting to Rs.79.62 lakhs and thus the appellant

misappropriated the aforementioned sum. A first information report was

registered on 02.04.2015 vide Bhabhua P.S. Case No.151 of 2015 under

Sections 409 and 420 of the Indian Penal Code. The appellant thereafter

approached the High Court of Judicature at Patna seeking anticipatory bail

which was granted to him vide order dated 30.07.2015.

B. Criminal Appeal @ SLP(Crl) No.9029 of 2017

6. Under an agreement dated 06.03.2013 entered into between the

appellant and the Corporation, the appellant undertook to mill paddy lying at

Kaimur Centre of the Corporation in terms of the agreement. Clauses 2 and

3 of the agreement were as under:

“2. The Second Party has monthly milling capacity of 1 ton

of paddy but he has to furnish bank guarantee equivalent to the

value of paddy taken by him for milling in concerned

procurement season and in case, he requires further quantity for

paddy for milling, he has to furnish further bank guarantee

equivalent to value of paddy desired by him to be taken for

milling. However, he has to deliver C.M.R. in time before next

lot of paddy is taken from him. The said bank guarantee of Rs.

…….. issued in favour of District Manager, Bihar Food & Civil

Supplies Corporation Ltd. vide series No…….. dated ……….

has been submitted by the second party as per State

Government Instruction from time to time.

7

3. The second party is at liberty to take paddy for milling as

the quantity, he desired during the said procurement season in

accordance with his monthly milling capacity but, he has no

further bank guarantee for the value of the paddy, which, he

takes for milling in case, he is not capable of furnishing bank

guarantee, he had to pledge immovable property in the form of

mortgage bond for amount or he can pledge immovable

property for the entire value paddy which he takes for milling.

The property details so mortgaged must be certified to be in his

own name by the competent authority either by circle officer of

the block or SDO of the concerned sub division so that in case

of default of second party or any deviation of paddy may be

recovered.”

According to the appellant since he had pledged his land valued at

Rs.1.3 cores he was not required to furnish any bank guarantee. The

procurement season for the aforesaid agreement was 2012-13.

7. On a written report that though the appellant had lifted entire quantity

of paddy by 31.12.2013 he had not delivered any rice in terms of the

agreement and that he had misappropriated 2401.48 quintals of rice

amounting to Rs.51.99 lakhs, Kudra P.S. Case No.119 of 2015 was

registered against the appellant for offences punishable under Sections 409

and 420 of the Indian Penal Code. On an application moved by the appellant,

the High Court of Judicature at Patna vide judgment and order dated

24.07.2015 granted anticipatory bail to the appellant subject to his

depositing 20% of the due amount within six weeks. According to the

8

appellant, in compliance of such order the appellant deposited an amount of

Rs.10.42 lakhs vide DD dated 22.01.2016.

C. Criminal Appeal @ SLP(Crl) No.9409 of 2017

8. Under an agreement entered into between the appellant and the

Corporation on 11.2.2012 for the procurement season 2011-12, the appellant

had undertaken to mill paddy lying at Bhabhua Centre of the Corporation on

delivery of rice in terms of the agreement Clauses 2, 3 and 4 of the

agreement were as under:-

“2. After delivery of rice to the Corporation proportionate

paddy will be issued to the miller by Bihar State Food & Civil

Supplies Corporation Ltd.

3. Rice will be accepted in the same Gunny bags in which

the paddy is delivered by the Corporation. For the first

consignment/lot, rice will be delivered by the miller in new

SBT gunnies. The excess gunny bags will be returned by the

miller and if retrained by the Miller of excess gunny bags (in

which paddy supplier miller) will be deducted by the

Corporation @ 60% of net wages price from the bills submitted

by the miller.

4. The miller has already deposited Rs.50,000/- as security

money through DD No.710733 dated 11.02.2012 of Rs. Fifty

thousand in favour of District Manager, Bihar State Food &

Civil Supplies Corporation Ltd.”

9

9. Since the rice was to be supplied at the time paddy would be given,

unlike previous two illustrations, no bank guarantee or pledge was

contemplated but deposit in terms of Clause 4 as security was given. On an

allegation that the appellant was supplied 2306 quintals of paddy for the

procurement year 2011-12 and the appellant had not returned 1545.02

quintals of rice amounting to Rs.28.9 lakhs, Kudra P.S. Case No.131 of

2015 was registered on 19.4.2015 for offences under Sections 409 and 420

IPC. The appellant was granted anticipatory bail by the High Court of

Judicature at Patna on 16.07.2015.

10. Similar orders were passed granting anticipatory bail to number of

persons against whom cases were filed by the Corporation. Those orders

were questioned by filing special leave petitions by State of Bihar or the

Corporation. These petitions came up before this Court on 28.02.2017 when

following order was passed by this Court:

“Heard.

Permission granted.

Delay condoned.

These petitions have been preferred by the State of

Bihar/Bihar State Food Civil Supplies Corporation against

orders granting anticipatory bail/bail, in connection with cases,

the facts of which are identical.

10

It has been stated by Mr. Siddharth Luthra, learned senior

counsel appearing for the State/Corporation, that a sum of

Rupees fifteen hundred crores in all has been allegedly

misappropriated by the accused for which 600 FIRs have been

filed. According to the case of the State, agreements for milling

of paddy were entered into with different rice mills in

pursuance of which paddy was handed over for milling but the

rice from the milled paddy was not returned or was returned

partly. Thus, there is misappropriation to a huge extent. In such

circumstances, grant of anticipatory bail/bail will seriously

hamper the investigation/trial resulting in huge loss to the State.

Our attention has been drawn to the Deed of Agreement.

Clause 3 thereof provides for furnishing of bank guarantee for

26 the value of paddy, which is taken for milling, or for

pledging of the immovable property of the value of the paddy.

There is also provision in clause 12 that in case of default of

terms of agreement the bank guarantee can be forfeited and

legal action initiated for recovery of the amount from the

mortgaged immovable property.

The High Court has passed an order for deposit of 10 to

20 % of the amount, alleged to be involved in different cases

for grant of bail/anticipatory bail.

Since the anticipatory bail/bail was granted more than

one year back and financial interest of the State is or can be

secured, we are not inclined to cancel the anticipatory bail/bail

but modify the order of granting of anticipatory bail/bail

conditional adding conditions as follows:

(1) The accused in all the FIR(s), will ensure that bank

guarantee, if not furnished, is furnished and if lapsed, is

renewed within a period of one month from today failing which

the anticipatory bail/bail granted will stand cancelled.

(2) The accused will cooperate with investigation/trial and their

failure to appear, when required, will be a ground for

cancellation of anticipatory bail/bail. An order of cancellation

11

will be passed by the trial court on being satisfied about such

failure.

(3) The investigation will be completed within a period of three

months.

(4) All the accused will be tried only at five places viz. Patna,

Gaya, Chhapra, Darbhanga and Purnia by officers of the 27

appropriate rank determined by the High Court within one week

from today. The High Court may specify the area of jurisdiction

of the said five courts by a public order. If required by the High

Court, the State Government may sanction extra strength of

officers with requisite infrastructure so that normal work of

courts is not disturbed on account of the special arrangement

for these cases.

(5) The officers posted will deal with these cases exclusively. If

free from their work, any other work may be assigned to the

said officers.

(6) The concerned authorities will be at liberty to encash the

bank guarantee(s) after holding that there is a breach of terms

of the agreement which decision will be subject to appropriate

remedies of the parties.

(7) If not otherwise encashed, the bank guarantee will be kept

alive till the trial is over. However, deposits/furnishing of bank

guarantees will be abide by further orders of the trial court,

interim or final.

(8) If any amount is deposited by the accused, the said amount

will be adjusted in the amount of the bank guarantee, which is

to be furnished by the accused.

(9) The accused will surrender their passports to the respective

courts within a period of four weeks from today and will not

leave the country without prior permission from the concerned

court.

12

On compliance of the above order, if any accused is in

custody, he will be granted bail in accordance with law.

Any other proceedings between the parties will remain

unaffected by this order and the same can proceed in

accordance with law.

The trial court/High Court will be at liberty to pass any

further order which it considers appropriate, having regard to

the individual fact situation or modify the above directions in

exigencies of the situation.

The special leave petitions are disposed of accordingly.

Pending applications, if any, shall also stand disposed

of.”

11. In Criminal Appeal arising from S.L.P.(Crl.) No. 9196 of 2017, the

Corporation vide its letter dated 18.03.2017 directed the appellant to furnish

bank guarantee equivalent to the “defalcated sum” of Rs.79.62 lakhs.

The appellant having failed, non-bailable warrant for arrest was issued on

29.05.2017. In the second matter i.e. in Criminal Appeal arising from S.L.P.

(Crl.) No.9029 of 2017, the Corporation vide its letter dated 18.03.2017

directed the appellant to deposit bank guarantee for the “defalcated amount”

of Rs.51.99 lakhs. On his failure, a non-bailable warrant of arrest was issued

against the appellant on 22.07.2017. Similar such direction was issued by the

Corporation in the third matter on 18.03.2017 for furnishing bank guarantee

for the “defalcated sum” of Rs.29.40 lakhs. After the failure to comply, nonbailable

warrant of arrest was issued on 30.05.2017.

13

12. Aggrieved, the appellants in all three cases and similarly situated

persons approached the High Court of Judicature at Patna. The High Court

by its common judgment and order dated 09.10.2017 in Crl. Misc. No.

29168 of 2017 and other connected cases, rejected the challenge. Paras 42,

43 and 45 of the judgment were as under:

“42. Thus, I see no merit in the submission of the learned

counsel for the petitioners that the aforesaid order would not

bind the petitioners, who were not parties before the Supreme

Court.

43. So far as the point of pledging of property for the value

of paddy in lieu of bank guarantee, and non-requirement of

bank guarantee in such cases are concerned, they were already

raised before the Supreme Court by the rice millers, which is

evident from the plain reading of the order of the Supreme

Court, but the Supreme Court did not accept their contention

and passed order for deposit of bank guarantee.

45. So far as the liberty granted to this Court to modify the

directions issued by the Supreme Court is concerned, as the

order of the Supreme Court has already taken effect and the

pre-arrest bail granted to the petitioners already stood cancelled,

it is not permissible for this Court to modify the directions

issued by the Supreme Court. May be that in appropriate case,

having regard to the individual fact situation, in view of the

liberty granted by the Supreme Court, this Court could have

modified any condition if the petitioner(s) would have

approached this Court in time. However, such a recourse would

be impermissible once the order of the Supreme Court has

taken its effect. I am also of the opinion that if the persons are

aggrieved by the order of the Supreme Court regarding deposit

of bank guarantee, the only course left to them is to approach

the Supreme Court and till the time the order of the

14

Supreme Court stands, the petitioners, whether they were party

before the Supreme Court or not have to abide by its orders.”

13. The appellants in all three cases have approached this Court

challenging the correctness of the view taken by the High Court. Similar

such petitions have also been filed by other persons. Leading the

submissions on behalf of said persons including the appellant, Mr. Kapil

Sibal, learned Senior Advocate submitted:

(a) The order passed by this Court on 28.02.2017 did not

contemplate furnishing of bank guarantee or keeping the bank guarantee

alive in the sum equivalent to the alleged “defalcated sum”

(b) The bank guarantee was in terms of the stipulations

contemplated by the agreement. Only such bank guarantee was to be

furnished and kept alive.

(c) In cases where concerned millers had pledged their properties,

the interest of the corporation was well secured and there could not be any

insistence on furnishing of bank guarantee by way of additional security.

14. Appearing for the respondent-State, Mr. Ranjit Kumar, learned Senior

Advocate submitted:

15

(a) About 1500 crores of public money was involved in all the

matters. The rice in issue was part of public distribution system and

all the millers were guilty of swindling public funds.

(b) In cases where bank guarantees were required to be given and

kept alive in terms of the agreements and yet the millers had not

furnished and kept alive such bank guarantees, the benefit of

anticipatory bail/bail was rightly cancelled.

(c) In order to sub-serve public interest, the corporation be allowed

to put to auction all the pledged properties and recover the defalcated

sums.

15. The aforesaid three criminal appeals, the facts whereof are discussed

in detail in preceding paragraphs show that there were three categories of

matters. In the first, the miller was to give bank guarantee equivalent to the

value of paddy. However in case of his inability to furnish such bank

guarantee, the facility of pledging unencumbered immovable property was

afforded to him. The miller was however required to provide minimum

bank guarantee. In the second matter, the bank guarantee had to be given in

respect of value of paddy. Here also an option was given to pledge

immovable property in lieu of the requirement of furnishing of bank

16

guarantee. Though there appears to be slight distinction in phraseology

employed in the concerned clauses, the intent appears to be identical. It is

also a matter of record that the appellant in the second matter had pledged

his land valued at Rs.1.3 crores and was not required to furnish any bank

guarantee. In the third matter, there was no requirement of furnishing any

bank guarantee at all and all that the agreement insisted upon was furnishing

of security.

The requirement of furnishing bank guarantee was thus not mandatory

and an option was given to the miller to pledge his unencumbered

immovable property.

16. The matters therefore lie in a short compass. The order granting

anticipatory bail/bail to the millers was challenged by the State/Corporation

in matters which came up before this Court on 28.02.2017. While declining

to cancel such orders granting anticipatory bails/bail, this Court deemed it

proper to impose certain additional conditions. The first condition was that,

in all FIRs the concerned accused would ensure that bank guarantee was

furnished and kept alive, failing which, the benefit of anticipatory bails/bail

would stand cancelled. The reference to “Bank Guarantee” in said condition

No.1 was to the obligation arising from the agreement entered into with each

of the accused.

17

17. It may be noted here that prior to the passing of the order dated

28.02.2017, none of the orders passed by the High Court or this Court

required furnishing of bank guarantee or keeping it alive in respect of the

“defalcated sum”. The order passed by this Court on 28.02.2017 is quite

clear. The reference to “Bank Guarantee” and the condition modulated in

that behalf was one which the accused was obliged to and had undertaken to

furnish in terms of the agreement. If according to the terms of the agreement

and the benefit enjoyed by the concerned accused, he had already pledged

unencumbered immovable property in the equivalent sum, there was no

requirement to furnish and to keep alive additional bank guarantee.

Therefore the Corporation was not justified in demanding that the millers

must furnish bank guarantee in respect of “defalcated sum”. The trial court

was also not justified in cancelling the facility of bail/anticipatory bail

already enjoyed by the miller and in issuing non-bailable warrants.

18. However there are certain categories of persons, who were enjoined to

furnish bank guarantee, in terms of their agreement, to keep such bank

guarantee alive, had completely failed in that behalf. Such failure on their

part was in complete derogation and violation of the order dated 28.02.2017

passed by this Court. In such cases the trial court was certainly justified in

18

cancelling the facility of bail/anticipatory bail extended to such millers and

to issue non-bailable warrants of arrest. There is one more category of cases

where the millers in question were not parties to the proceedings in this

Court which were disposed of by order dated 28.02.2017. The submission in

that behalf made by such millers that the condition imposed by this Court

would not apply to them was rightly rejected by the trial court and we affirm

the view so taken.

19. We now come to the last submission made by Mr. Ranjit Kumar,

learned Senior Advocate. The idea behind requirement of furnishing bank

guarantee and or pledge of unencumbered property was to ensure sufficient

security in the hands of the Corporation. Going by the terms of the

agreement, in case there be any failure on part of the concerned miller to

discharge his obligations, the Corporation would certainly be entitled and

justified to take appropriate steps to secure its interest either by encashing

the bank guarantee and or by disposing the pledged properties in accordance

with law. We therefore accept the submission and hold that the Corporation,

in such cases, would be well within its rights to take appropriate steps in the

concerned matters.

19

20. In the circumstances we direct:-

a) The expression “Bank Guarantee” used in condition No.1 as

stipulated in order dated 28.02.2017 passed by this Court pertains to bank

guarantee which the concerned miller was obliged, in terms of the agreement

in question to furnish. The obligation to furnish the bank guarantee and to

keep it alive is referable to the terms of the agreement and not to the

“defalcated sum” as was submitted by the Corporation.

b) If on account of failure to submit and to keep it alive in respect

of the “defalcated sum”, any benefit of bail/anticipatory bail was withdrawn

and orders of non-bailable warrants were issued, such orders stand cancelled

and recalled. However the concerned millers ought to have furnished and

kept alive bank guarantees as contemplated in terms of the agreement. If

there be any failure on this count the cancellation of bail/anticipatory bail

was perfectly justified.

c) The order dated 28.02.2017 passed by this Court would apply

to every single case, irrespective whether the concerned miller was a party to

the proceedings before this Court or not.

d) If any miller, in terms of the order dated 28.02.2017, had not

furnished bank guarantee or had not kept it alive in terms of his obligations

under the agreement, the facility of bail/anticipatory bail would not be

20

available to him. The orders cancelling such facility stand confirmed and

the challenge in that behalf is negated. All such millers shall be immediately

taken in custody by the concerned Police.

e) We permit the Corporation to secure its interest either by

invoking the bank guarantees wherever furnished and or by putting to

auction the unencumbered immovable property pledged by the millers with

it, after due process of law.

21. All the appeals stand disposed of in aforesaid terms, without any order

as to costs.

…….….………………J.

(Abhay Manohar Sapre)

……………………….J.

(Uday Umesh Lalit)

New Delhi

August 13, 2018