Power of attorney holder – what are the requisite materials for presenting cheque bounce case-whether examination of the complainant is necessary ? Whether about the power of attorney can be questioned for the first time in Revision ?

  1. Power of attorney holder – what are the requisite materials for presenting cheque bounce case-whether examination of the complainant is necessary ? Whether about the power of attorney can be questioned for the first time in Revision ?

the legal position and answered the questions in the following manner. 

 “(i) Filing of complaint petition under Section 138 of NI Act through power of attorney is perfectly legal and competent. 

(ii) The Power of Attorney holder can depose and verify on oath before the Court in order to prove the contents of the complaint. However, the power of attorney holder must have witnessed the transaction as an agent of the payee/holder in due course or possess due knowledge regarding the said transactions. 

(iii) It is required by the complainant to make specific assertion as to the knowledge of the power of attorney holder in the said transaction explicitly in the complaint and the power of attorney holder who has no knowledge regarding the transactions cannot be examined as a witness in the case. 

(iv) In the light of section 145 of NI Act, it is open to the Magistrate to rely upon the verification in the form of affidavit filed by the complainant in support of the complaint under Section 138 of the NI Act and the Magistrate is neither mandatorily obliged to call upon the complainant to remain present before the Court, nor to examine the complainant or his witness upon oath for taking the decision whether or not to issue process on the complaint under Section 138 of the NI Act. 

(v) The functions under the general power of attorney cannot be delegated to another person without specific clause permitting the same in the power of attorney. Nevertheless, the general power of attorney itself can be cancelled and be given to another person.” 

Thus, it is clear that the complaint under Section 138 of the NI 17 Act can be filed through the power of attorney holder.